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Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve - Prehistoric Humans Site
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Continuity of human settlement for over one million years
Level of difficulty:       easy
Suitable for all walkers  
On the southern bank of Me‘arot Stream, on the western slopes of Mount Carmel, caves where discovered containing evidence of over one million years of human activity--a rare phenomenon anywhere in the world.

From Tanur Cave, which revealed the presence of three human cultures, the touring route continues to the smaller Gamal Cave, with its display of tools of the Mousterian culture, and to Hanahal Cave, some 90 meters deep, where an audiovisual presentation illustrates prehistoric daily life. A model of a skeleton outside the cave illustrates burial customs of the Natufian culture, 10,000 years ago.

Human culture in the reserve is represented by the following traditions: Acheulian (500,000-200,000 years ago), Mugharian (150,000-100,000 years ago), Mousterian (100,000-40,000 years ago), Aurignacian (40,000-12,000 years ago) and Natufian (12,000-9,000 years ago). Remains of a small, permanent Natufian village were found outside the Nahal Cave.

The latter period was the time when humans became hunter-gatherers, the first step in the domestication of plants and animals. At this time people also created works of art, such as stone carvings and shell-necklaces.

Marked trails beginning at the parking lot lead to beautiful corners of Mount Carmel, where colorful wildflowers bloom in spring.

At the souvenir shop, visitors can purchase materials about the Carmel and other places in the country. The reserve staff will gladly provide information about recreational opportunities and visits to sites on Mount Carmel and the Carmel coast.

Tours of the site are offered on Saturdays (in Hebrew) at no extra charge at 10 A.M., 12 noon and 2 P.M.
How to get there:
On the old Tel Aviv-Haifa road (no. 4), 8 kilometers north of Furedis junction. Egged bus 921 (Tel Aviv-Haifa)
Useful Information
Useful information
Length of tour:About one hour
Best season:year-round
Don't miss:Audiovisual presentation in the cave
Other facilities and attractions:Regional information station; regional tour-education center; marked trails for geology and botany buffs, including information sheets; souvenir shop; snack-bar; partial wheelchair access.
Sunday-Tursday And Saturda-8 A.M.-5 P.M
Fridy And Holiday eves- 8
A.M.- 4 P.M.

Sunday-Tursday And Saturda-8 A.M.-4 P.M
Fridy And Holiday eves- 8 A.M.- 3 P.M.

Last entry two hours before above closing hour
Fax / Email: 04-984-3144
Entrance fee:Adult: NIS 22; child: NIS 10
Student NIS 19
Israeli senior citizen: 50% discount
Group (over 30 people): Adult: NIS 19; child: NIS 8.
Entrance to dogs:No
Accessibility:Most of the site is wheelchair-accessible; convenient wheelchair-access to the film in the cave
For updated information on fees and operation hours please contact our information center- *3639 from inside Israel or +972-2-5006261- from abroad or email

All rights reserved to the Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Copyright © 2009